French Glass of the 19th & 20th Centuries

French Glass of the 19th & 20th Centuries

Innovative Style by Iconic Designers

This October, we are delighted to present a fine selection of French glass by some of the most iconic designers in the field. Learn more about the work of Gabriel Argy-Rousseau, Jean Daum and Emile Gallé...

GABRIEL ARGY-ROUSSEAU

 

GABRIEL ARGY-ROUSSEAU (1885-1953) 'LE JARDIN DES HESPERIDES' VASE, DESIGNED 1925
LOT 394 | GABRIEL ARGY-ROUSSEAU (1885-1953) | 'LE JARDIN DES HESPERIDES' VASE, DESIGNED 1925
pâte de verre, signed G. ARGY-ROUSSEAU/ FRANCE | 24cm high | £15,000 - £20,000 + fees

 

View Lot 394 ⇒

 

Gabriel Argy-Rousseau was a technical and artistic innovator whose chosen medium was pâte-de-verre and whose preferred form was hollow wares decorated in low relief. His work is characterised by simplicity and geometry, inspired by nature and ancient Greek design.

GABRIEL ARGY-ROUSSEAU (1885-1953) 'MÉDALLIONS FLEURIS' VASE, DESIGNED 1925
LOT 395 | GABRIEL ARGY-ROUSSEAU (1885-1953) | 'MÉDALLIONS FLEURIS' VASE, DESIGNED 1925
pâte de verre, signed G. ARGY ROUSSEAU | 24cm high | £10,000 - £15,000 + fees

 

View Lot 395 ⇒

 

Argy-Rousseau became fascinated by pâte-de-verre and by 1920 had established his own company – Les Pâte-de-Verre d’Argy Rousseau. His working practise began with drawings from which he made plaster models which he painted with lacquer varnish and then covered in wax. He made sectional moulds secured with cords and the pâte-de-verre was his own formula composed of feldspar, kaolin and boric acid ground into a powder, with metallic oxides being added to provide the colour. The powder was combined with water and applied to the mould with a brush. When dry a coating of tragacanth was painted on to give a extra hardness and the interior was then filled with asbestos to help prevent it from collapsing while in the kiln. No mould could be reused and as a result of the production method each piece was unique, having distinctions in composition, paste and colouration.

 

View works by Argy-Rousseau ⇒

 


 

JEAN DAUM

 

LOT 397 | DAUM FRÈRES, NANCY (EST. 1878) | CAMEO VASE CIRCA 1900 glass, overlaid, acid-etched, with martelé, engraved and gilt DAUM/ NANCY, with Cross of Lorraine | 19cm high | £3,000 - £5,000 + fees
LOT 397 | DAUM FRÈRES, NANCY (EST. 1878) | CAMEO VASE CIRCA 1900
glass, overlaid, acid-etched, with martelé, engraved and gilt DAUM/ NANCY, with Cross of Lorraine | 19cm high | £3,000 - £5,000 + fees

 

View Lot 397 ⇒

 

Jean Daum bought a failing glass factory in Nancy in France and in 1887 his son Auguste took over running it. He was joined two years later by his brother Antonin. The Daum brothers were near neighbours of Emile Gallé and shared many of his priorities for reinvigorating the nation through the arts, as well as for studying nature and experimenting with techniques. They employed leading designers who each contributed a different dimension to the creative development of Daum glass. Jacques Gruber favoured oriental forms, Henri Bergé brought his deep love of nature and skill in both botanical and landscape drawing, while Almeric Walter introduced new techniques including adding inclusions to the glass and surface finishes.

 

DAUM FRÈRES, NANCY (EST. 1878) 'LIBELLULE' VASE, CIRCA 1900
LOT 396 | DAUM FRÈRES, NANCY (EST. 1878) | 'LIBELLULE' VASE, CIRCA 1900
clear, frosted and peach glass, acid-etched and enamelled with gilt highlights, signed in gilt DAUM/ NANCY and with Cross of Lorraine | 7.5cm (3in) high | £2,500 - £3,000 + fees

 

View Lot 396 ⇒

 

The Daums business was entrepreneurial and experimental, and always focussed on producing high quality glass. Decoration was not just applied to the surface of the glass but was also in the glass itself.

 


 

EMILE GALLÉ

 

LOT 399 | EMILE GALLÉ (1846-1904) | 'THISTLE' VASE, CIRCA 1890 smoky glass, enamelled with gilt highlights, enamelled GALLÉ/ NANCY/ DEPOSÉ | 20.5cm high | £5,000 - £7,000 + fees
LOT 399 | EMILE GALLÉ (1846-1904) | 'THISTLE' VASE, CIRCA 1890
smoky glass, enamelled with gilt highlights, enamelled GALLÉ/ NANCY/ DEPOSÉ | 20.5cm high | £5,000 - £7,000 + fees

 

View Lot 399 ⇒

 

Emile Gallé, the French Art Nouveau genius, took over his father’s faience factory and soon afterwards found himself captivated by the possibilities of glass. Having sought to learn from leading makers of the day, he then set about creating his own works. He combined his fascination with Japan culture with a keen observation of nature. He was passionate about the revitalisation of the arts believing that it would assist in the renewal of the whole nation of France including the economy.

 

GALLÉ 'CLÉMATITES' SOUFFLÉ VASE, CIRCA 1925
LOT 403 | GALLÉ | 'CLÉMATITES' SOUFFLÉ VASE, CIRCA 1925
mould-blown, overlaid and acid-etched cameo glass, signed in cameo GALLÉ, underside stamped MADE IN FRANCE/ SPÉCIAL | 24.5cm high | £6,000 - £8,000 + fees

 

View Lot 403 ⇒

 

Many of the works that bear the name Gallé were actually produced after his death first under the instructions of his wife Henriette and then, after her death, under the management of Paul Perdrizet, who was married to Emile Gallé’s daughter Lucile. Much of Gallé’s work was cameo glass in which he combined colours. The pieces are works of art in their own right and do not rely on the need for flowers of foliage to be present when displaying them.

 

View works by Gallé ⇒

 


 

Auction Information

 

DESIGN SINCE 1860

Lot: 49 to 333 - Wed, 20th Oct 2021 10:00

Lot: 334 to 622 - Thu, 21st Oct 2021 10:00

Live Online | Edinburgh

 

View the auction catalogue ⇒

 

Viewing from will take place at our Edinburgh saleroom on Sunday 17 October, 12noon to 4pm and Monday 18 & Tuesday 19 October, 10am to 5pm.

 


 

Design 1860 - 1945

 

Lyon & Turnbull’s Decorative Arts & Design specialists are renowned for both their knowledge and their sales of artworks conducted from our Scottish auction house based in Edinburgh and via our live online auctions. Our specialists are experts not only on design from 1860 to the present, but also on current market conditions, an essential combination to any successful auction.

 

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