Wed, 23rd Jun 2021 10:00

Rare Books, Manuscripts, Maps & Photographs

  Lot 322


The Darwin Centenary June 22nd-24th, 1909
A collection by Dr. R.S. Woodward

The collection, containing 27 items, can be divided into 3 sections:

A - Manuscript

  1. 'Notes on the Darwin Centenary' A5 manila envelope labelled in Woodward's hand.

  1. 7 sheets of yellow, lined foolscap notepaper containing 9 pages of Woodward's autograph account of the Darwin Commemoration written in pencil with extensive corrections. This narrative is apparently unpublished although the care with which the revisions and corrections have been executed suggests private circulation or perhaps delivery as a paper or speech.

After making some commonplace remarks about Darwin's significance in relation to Newton, Woodward turns to the centenary celebration itself: 'certainly there were never a larger body of men of rare scientific attainments so assembled on an occasion of such significance in conjunction with the progress of human knowledge... The entire learned world from Chile to Japan joined in paying homage to the memory of a man hard at work only the other day.' Although she travelled with him Woodward's wife goes unnamed throughout the 'Notes'. Nonetheless her experiences at a late evening reception at Peterhouse and at the Ladies Dinner at Newnham are obliquely recounted.

Woodward's tone is serious and respectful throughout, sometimes awestruck by the scale of the ceremonial in Cambridge's ancient halls, but most alive when confronted by objects and people known to Darwin himself. There is the moment in Darwin's rooms at Christ's College when he catches sight of the monkey which was dangled over Darwin's head during an honorary degree ceremony at the Senate House in 1877. Particularly affecting is Woodward's starstruck reaction at a late evening party at Pembroke College when he finds himself able to 'look into the faces of and really exchange greetings with such colossal figures as Sir Joseph Hooker, just approaching his 93rd birthday and Mrs Thomas Huxley, keen and bright eyed at 86, Mrs Sidgwick... gentle voiced almost painfully retiring little woman whom, after the first few minutes of conversation you felt you had always known'.

B - Printed Ephemera

  1. Darwin Commemoration June 22-24, 1909. Provisional Programme. [2] With oval stamp presumably on receipt at Woodward's office: 'Carnegie Institution Feb 15 1909 Washington'. A brief resume of events with notes about Hospitality and a request to inform the organisers 'whether they will be accompanied by a Lady'.

  1. 'University of Cambridge Darwin Celebration', A4 sized printed envelope issued on arrival in Cambridge to Woodward containing invitations etc. Printed with University Coat of Arms and 'Darwin Celebration' letterhead, accomplished in manuscript: 'Dr R S Woodward c/o Lady Jebb Springfield.' Lady Cara Jebb was the wife of Richard Jebb, Professor of Greek, and a distant Darwin relative, being the aunt of the writer Gwen Raverat.

  1. 'Darwin Celebration' A5 Compliments Slip, Accomplished in manuscript with the date, 'May [12th] 1909'.

  1. 'Programme'. 4 page, quarto sized, printed bifolium with detailed programme of events, Tuesday June 22-Thursday June 24. Woodward has annotated the programme jotting down 'Senate House' beside the Wednesday morning 'Presentation of Addresses' and correcting the time of the evening reception at Pembroke College as well as writing 'Mr and Mrs' alongside events open to wives.

  1. 'List of Delegates and Other Guests Invited by the University', large quarto size, pp 26. Dated June 19, 1909 with 'Final Lists' in top corner of card cover. Laid in, a compliments slip from the Honorary Secretaries. Woodward's name appears on the first page as President of the Carnegie Institution, Washington.


  1. Reception by the Chancellor, Small Broadside relating to Academic Dress and the Reception of Delegates in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Tuesday June 22.

7 Invitation to Reception in the Fitwilliam Museum by the Chancellor of the University of Cambridge. Oblong card with crest of the University in colour; accomplished in manuscript: 'Dr and Mrs R S Woodward'.

In his manuscript 'Notes on the Darwin Centenary' Woodward records that after the 'kindly formalities' of the Chancellor's introduction at the head of the Grand Stairway of the Fitzwilliam Museum 'the guests passed into the picture galleries where for once the priceless treasures must have been forgotten in the moving picture of life and colour which presented themselves.' Escaping these galleries the Woodwards continued their evening at a reception at Peterhouse College next door where the ladies were warmed with 'white Shetland wool scarfs... The thoughtful courtesy disarmed every American souvenir hunter I am sure'.


  1. 'Order of Proceedings in the Senate House Wednesday, June 23, 1909', pp 12. Large quarto, sewn. The order is printed on the cover with a list of the delegates occupying 9 pages of the pamphlet, Woodward's name printed on page 3. Woodward recalls this as the 'most impressive function of the week' in his 'Notes', set in the 'simple, oblong auditorium of the House with its overhanging, narrow galleries on the four sides, its grey time stained stone walls lighted by tall classical windows... brilliant with the varied colors of the diversified robes worn by the delegates'. However the picturesque entrance of Lord Rayleigh and his flunkies into the Senate House is contrasted with his speech-making: 'His address was of course eulogistic of Darwin but delivered in so feeble a voice we were glad the ever present reporter was probably furnished with a copy for the next day's press.'

  1. Invitation, A5 size, to American delegates to the unveiling of 'their most splendid and most welcome gift of a bronze bust of Charles Darwin.'

  1. Notice to Delegates, small quarto size broadside with notice of a photograph of Delegates at Christ's College, Wednesday afternoon.

  1. Invitation, 'The Master and Fellows of Christ's College at Home', oblong printed card, Wednesday June 23rd, 4-6. Accomplished in manuscript: 'President and Mrs Woodward'. Woodward recounts in the 'Notes' his excitement on entering Darwin's rooms to find himself surrounded by: 'Manuscripts, letters, copies of first editions with Darwin's own notes... There were, too, many of the rock specimens collected by him during the famous voyage of the Beagle.'

  1. Programme of Music, 'The Darwin Centenary 1909, Christ's College Garden'. A5 flyer with music for the Garden Party played by the Band of H M. Royal Marines, including works by Sullivan, Grieg and Wagner.

  1. Invitation to a 'Banquet in the New Examination Hall', Wednesday June 23, at 7 p.m. Large stiff card, accomplished in manuscript: 'Dr R S Woodward'; folded to fit in a pocket. In his 'Notes' Woodward respectfully records the presence of the great and good at the banquet, including 'ten distinguished members of the Darwin family'.

  1. Banquet 23 June 1909, Plan of Tables. Large (110mm x 45 mm / 43.5" x 16") folding plan with alphabetical list of delegates. Woodward was seated at the foot of Table L, next to Newton's successor at Cambridge, the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics, Joseph Larmor.

  1. 'Darwin Celebration Cambridge, June, 1909. Speeches Delivered at the Banquet Held on June 23rd.' Cambridge Daily News, July 1909, pp 22. A pamphlet published a month after the event, preface by George and Francis Darwin, directing the publication to 'those who were present [who] may like to possess a memento'. Together with (loosely inserted):

  1. Large compliments slip "With the Compliments of sir George Darwin and Mr. Francis Darwin." (inserted into item 15.)

17.Ladies Dinner Newnham College, 23 June 1909. Folding stiff card menu and programme of music for the corresponding women's dinner.

  1. Ladies Dinner, Plan of Tables. Mrs Woodward is found on Table A. [I've also spotted a "Ms Stephen" which, after discussion with a Woolf expert, is very likely to be the the 27 year-old Virgina Woolf, whose family was very close with the Darwins.]

  1. Invitation to a late evening reception: 'The Master and Fellows of Pembroke College At Home.. 9.20 to 12', small oblong card, coloured College crest. Accomplished in manuscript: 'Mrs Woodward'. Woodward records his pleasure at being able to attend this 'brilliant gathering' and 'look into the faces of and really exchange greetings with such colossal figures' as Sir Joseph Hooker, Mrs Thomas Huxley and Mrs Sidgwick.

  1. 'Programme of Music', H. M. Royal Marines Band, Wagner etc to be played at the Pembroke College event.


  1. 'Darwin Celebration. 24th June.' Large quarto broadside; Order of procession and Conferral of Honorary Degrees. Unlike the performance he witnessed a day earlier Woodward praises highly the speech given by Sir Archibald Geikie, President of the Royal Society, who 'was proud to claim him [Darwin] as one of their great masters and in their name he begged to offer their tribute and admiration'. Woodward observes the presence of Mrs Thomas Huxley, the only woman on the floor of the Senate House and 'recalls the days in the decade following the publication [of the Origin] when her great husband constituted himself Darwin's bulldog.'

  1. Invitation to Trinity Fellows' Garden, where the Darwin family would be 'AT HOME', accomplished in manuscript: 'Doctor and Mrs R.S. Woodward'. On leaving Cambridge after this 'graciously hospitable' finale Woodward concludes that: 'every one must have felt that the Celebration had been of great historic significance and would long be remembered as a worthy expression of the high estimation in which Charles Darwin's name would be held throughout the learned world.'

FRIDAY JUNE 25 and following

  1. 'Cambridge Chronicle and University Journal', Newspaper, June 25th 1909. Extensive reporting of Darwin festivities, pp 4, 6-8; c 10,000 words.

  1. 2 newspaper clippings, one from the Times briefly mentioning Woodward; the second from the New York Times on the 'Darwin Centenary Rich in Coloring' mentioning the 'Women's Costumes Add Livelier', also mentioning Woodward's presence at the Senate House Dinner.


Woodward’s copy of: Order of the proceedings at the Darwin celebration held at Cambridge June 22-June 24, 1909 : with a sketch of Darwin's life. Cambridge : Printed at the Cambridge University Press, 1909. [Frontispiece, map of Cambridge 10 plates] pp 23. A fine copy.

[With] Collier, John Darwin, No.4402, a framed photographic engraving

Note: The most complete ephemeral record of an unprecedented scientific celebration.

This collection was formed by the American physicist and mathematician, Robert Simpson Woodward (then President of the Carnegie Institution) through his involvement with the Darwin Commemoration held in Cambridge between 22 and 24 June, 1909. During those three days the University of Cambridge played host to scientists, scholars and public figures from 167 different countries to celebrate the centenary of Charles Darwin's birth and the fiftieth anniversary of the publication of On the Origin of Species.

An archivist's dream Woodward received his provisional programme of events in February 1909 and had the foresight to preserve all the letters, invitations and instructive pamphlets that he received with the result that this collection is richer in ephemeral material than either the analogous archives held by Cambridge University Library or The Royal Society. In addition he wrote an (unpublished) manuscript account of his experience of the Darwin celebration which accompanies the archive.

Sold for £3,250

(Inclusive of Buyer's Premium)


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Auction: Rare Books, Manuscripts, Maps & Photographs, Wed, 23rd Jun 2021


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(b) return the Lot to our registered office in the same condition as at the date of sale to the original purchaser of record and be able to transfer good title to the Lot, free from any third party claims arising after the date of such sale.

We have discretion to waive any of the above requirements. We may require the original purchaser of the Lot to obtain, at the original purchaser of Lot’s cost, the reports of two independent and recognised experts in the field. The reports must be mutually acceptable to us and the original purchaser of the Lot. We shall not be bound by any reports produced by the original purchaser of the Lot, and Reserves the right to seek additional expert advice at its own expense. It is specifically understood and agreed that the rescission of a sale and the refund of the original Purchase Price paid (the successful Hammer Price, plus the Buyer’s Premium) is exclusive and in lieu of any other remedy which might otherwise be available as a matter of law. Lyon & Turnbull and the Seller shall not be liable for any incidental or consequential damages incurred or claimed, including without limitation, loss of profits or interest.


(a) You warrant that the funds used for settlement are not connected with any criminal activities, including tax evasion and You are neither; under investigation, have been charged with or convicted of money laundering, terrorist activities or other crimes.
(b) Where You are bidding on behalf of another person You warrant that:
(i) You have conducted appropriate customer due diligence on the ultimate Buyer(s) of the Lot(s) in accordance with all relevant anti-money laundering legislation, consent to us relying on this due diligence, and You will retain for a period of not less than five years the documentation evidencing the due diligence. You will make such documentation promptly available for immediate inspection by a third party auditor upon our written request to do so;
(ii) The arrangements between You and the ultimate Buyer(s) in relation to the Lot or otherwise do not, in whole or in part, facilitate tax crimes, and;
(iii) You do not know, and have no reason to suspect that the funds used for settlement are connected with the proceeds of any criminal activity, including tax evasion, or that the ultimate Buyer(s) are under investigation or have been charged with or convicted of money-laundering, terrorist activities, or other crimes.


(a) Within 7 days of a Lot being sold You will pay to us the Total Amount Due in cash or by such other method as is agreed by us. We accept cash, bank transfer (details on request), debit cards and Visa or MasterCard credit cards. Please note that we do not accept cash payments over £5,000 per Buyer per year.
(b) Any payments by You to us can be applied by us towards any sums owing by You to us howsoever incurred and without agreement by You or Your agent, whether express or implied.
(c) We will only accept payment from the registered Bidder. Once issued, we cannot change the Buyer’s name on an invoice or re-issue the invoice in a different name.
(d) The ownership of any Lots purchased shall not pass to You until You have made payment in full to us of the Total Amount Due. The risk in and the responsibility for the Lot will transfer to You from whichever is the earlier of the following:
(i) When You collect the Lot; or
(ii) At the end of the 30th day following the date of the auction, or, if earlier, the date the Lot is taken into care by a third party unless we have agreed otherwise with You in writing.
(e) You shall at Your own risk and expense take away any Lots that You have purchased and paid for not later than 7 working days following the day of the auction or upon the clearance of any cheque used for payment whichever is later. We can provide You with a list of shippers. However, we will not be responsible for the acts or omissions of carriers or packers whether or not recommended by us.
(f) No purchase can be claimed or removed until it has been paid for.
(g) It is the Buyer’s responsibility to ascertain collection procedures, particularly if the sale is not being held at our main sale room and the potential storage charges for Lots not collected by the appropriate time.
(h) If you agree to our pack and send service (if applicable) payment of shipping fees must be made prior to us posting. Any shipping fee will be inclusive of VAT.


If any Lot is not paid for in full and taken away in accordance with these Conditions or if there is any other breach of these Conditions, we, as agent for the Sellers and on their behalf, shall at our absolute discretion and without prejudice to any other rights we may have, be entitled to exercise one or more of the following rights and remedies:
(a) To proceed against You for damages for breach of contract;
(b) To rescind the contract for sale of that Lot and/or any other Lots sold by us to You;
(c) To resell the Lot(s) (by auction or private treaty) in which case You shall be responsible for any resulting deficiency in the Total Amount Due (after crediting any part payment and adding any resale costs).
(d) To remove, store and insure the Lot in the case of storage, either at our premises or elsewhere and to recover from You all costs incurred in respect thereof;
(e) To charge interest at a rate of 5% a year above the Bank of Scotland base rate from time to time on all sums outstanding for more than 7 working days after the sale;
(f) To retain that or any other Lot sold to You until You pay the Total Amount Due;
(g) To reject or ignore bids from You or Your agent at future auctions or to impose conditions before any such bids shall be accepted;
(h) To apply any proceeds of sale of other Lots due or which become due to You towards the settlement of the Total Amount Due by You and to exercise a lien over any of Your property in our possession for any purpose until the debt due is satisfied. You will be deemed to have granted such security to us and we may retain such property as collateral security for Your obligations to us; we may decide to sell Your property in any way we think appropriate. We will use the proceeds of the sale against any amounts You owe us and we will pay any amount left from that sale to You. If there is a shortfall, You must pay us the balance; and
(i) Take any other action we see necessary or appropriate.

(1) It is the Buyer’s responsibility to ascertain collection procedures, particularly if the sale is not being held at our main sale room and the potential storage charges for Lots not collected by the appropriate time. Information on collection is set out in the Catalogue and our Website
(2) Unless agreed otherwise, You must collect purchased Lots within seven days from the auction. Please note the Lots will only be released upon full payment being received.
(3) If You do not collect any Lot within seven days following the auction we can, at our discretion;
(i) Charge You storage costs at the rates set out on our Website.
(ii) Move the Lot to another location or an affiliate or third party and charge You transport and administration costs for doing so and You will be subject to the third party storage terms and pay for their fees and costs.
(iii) Sell the Lot in any way we think reasonable.


(a) We will include transport and shipping information with each invoice sent to You as well as displayed on our Website. You must make all transport and shipping arrangements.
(b) We offer a limited pack and send service using Royal Mail on small jewellery items. When items leave our premises and are in transit via postal service We are not responsible for any damage or loss incurred. We are also not responsible for making any claim regarding loss or damage to items. A tracking reference number will be issued which can be used to raise a claim with the relevant shipping provider.
(c) We offer a pre-sale quoted price using a third party - Mailboxes etc. Should you select this shipping option you agree to share your personal details with this third party. Mailboxes etc will contact you to confirm details and whether you wish to add insurance in addition.


Buyers intending to export goods should ascertain;
(a) Whether an export licence is required; and
(b) Whether there is any specific prohibition on importing goods of that character, e.g. items that may contain prohibited materials such as ivory or rhino horn. It is the Buyer’s sole responsibility to obtain any relevant export or import licence. The denial of any licence or any delay in obtaining licences shall neither justify the recession of any sale not any delay in making full payment for the Lot.


Please be aware that all Lots marked with the symbol Y may be subject to CITES regulations when exporting these items outside Great Britain. These regulations may be found at

We accept no liability for any Lots which may be subject to CITES but have not be identified as such.


(a) We give no warranty in relation to any statement made, or information give, by us, our representatives or employees about any Lot other than as set out in the authenticity warranty and as far as we are allowed by law, all warranties and other terms which may be added to this agreement by law are exclude. The Seller’s warranties contained in paragraph E.1 are their own and we do not have a liability in relation to those warranties.
(b) (i) We are not responsible to You for any reason whether for breaking this agreement or any other matter relating to Your purchase of, or bid for, any Lot other than in the event of fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation by us other than as expressly set out in these conditions of sale; or
(ii) We do not give any representation, warranty or guarantee or assume any liability for a kind in respect of any Lot with regard to merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, description, size, quality, condition, attribution, authenticity, rarity, importance, medium, provenance, exhibition history, literature or historical relevance, except as required by local law, any warranty of any kind is excluded by this paragraph.
(c) in particular, please be aware that our written and telephone bidding services, Lyon & Turnbull Live, Condition Reports, currency converter and saleroom video screens are free services and we are not responsible for any error (human or otherwise) omission or breakdown in these services.
(d) We have no responsibility to any person other than a Buyer in connection with the purchase of any Lot
(e) If in spite of the terms of this paragraph we are found to be liable to You for any reason, we shall not have to pay more than the Purchase Price paid by You to us. We will not be responsible for any reason for loss of profits, business, loss of opportunity or value, expected savings or interest, costs damages or expenses.


In addition to the other rights of cancellation contained in this agreement, we can cancel the sale of a Lot if;
(i) Any of our warranties are not correct, as set out in paragraph E3,
(ii) We reasonably believe that completing the transaction is or may be unlawful; or
(iii) We reasonably believe that the sale places us or the Seller under any liability to anyone else or may damage our reputation.


We may videotape and record proceedings at any auction. We will keep any personal information confidential, except to the extent disclosure is required by law if You do not wish to be videotaped, You may make arrangements to bit by telephone or a written bid or bid on Lyon & Turnbull Live instead. Unless we agree otherwise in writing, You may not videotape or record proceedings at any auction.


We own the copyright in respect of all images, illustrations and written material produced by or for us relating to a Lot. (Including Catalogue entries unless otherwise noted in the Catalogue) You cannot use them without our prior written permission. We do not offer any guarantee that You will gain any copyright or other reproductions to the Lot.


If a court finds that any part of this agreement is not valid or is illegal or impossible to enforce, that part of the agreement will be treated as deleted and the rest of this agreement will remain in force.


You may not grant a security over or transfer Your rights of responsibilities under these terms on the contract of sale with the Buyer unless we have given our written permission. This agreement will be binding on Your successors or estate and anyone who takes over Your rights and responsibilities.


Details of all Lots sold by us, including Catalogue descriptions and prices, may be reported on Sales totals are Hammer Price plus Buyer’s Premium and do not reflect any additional fees that may have been incurred. We regret we cannot agree to requests to remove these details from our Website.


(a) The same Conditions of Sale (Buyers) shall apply to sales by private treaty.
(b) Private treaty sales made under these Conditions are deemed to be sales by auction and subject to our agreed charges for Sellers and Buyers.
(c) We undertake to inform the Seller of any offers it receives in relation to an item prior to any Proposed Sale, excluding the normal method of commission bids.
(d) For the purposes of a private treaty sale, if a Lot is sold in any other currency than Sterling, the exchange rate is to be taken on the date of sale.


All members of the public on our premises are there at their own risk and must note the lay-out of the premises, safety and security arrangements. Accordingly, neither the Auctioneer nor our employees or agents shall incur liability for death or personal injury or similarly for the safety of the property of persons visiting prior to, during or after a sale.


Where we obtain any personal information about You, we shall use it in accordance with the terms of our Privacy Policy (subject to any additional specific consent(s) You may have given at the time Your information was disclosed). A copy of our Privacy Policy can be found on our Website or requested from Client Services, 33 Broughton Place, Edinburgh, EH1 3RR or by email from data


We shall be under no liability if they shall be unable to carry out any provision of the Contract of Sale for any reason beyond their control including (without limiting the foregoing) an act of God, legislation, war, fire, flood, drought, failure of power supply, lock-out, strike or other action taken by employees in contemplation or furtherance of a dispute or owing to any inability to procure materials required for the performance of the contract.


(a) Governing Law: These Conditions of Sale and all aspects of all matters, transactions or disputes to which they relate or apply shall be governed by, and interpreted in accordance with, Scots law
(b) Jurisdiction: The Buyer agrees that the Courts of Scotland are to have exclusive jurisdiction to settle all disputes arising in connection with all aspects of all matters or transactions to which these Conditions of Sale relate or apply.

The following words and phrases used have (unless the context otherwise requires) the meaning to given to them below. The go Glossary is to assist You to understand words and phrases which have a specific legal meaning which You may not be familiar with.


“Auctioneer” Lyon & Turnbull Ltd (Registered in Scotland No: 191166 | Registered address: 33 Broughton Place, Edinburgh, EH1 3RR) or it’s authorised representative conducting the sale, as appropriate;

“Bidder” a person who has completed a Bidding Form
“Bidding Form” our Bidding Registration Form our Absentee Bidding Form or our Telephone Bidding Form.
“Buyer” the person to whom a Lot is knocked down by the Auctioneer. The Buyer is also referred to by the words “You” and “Your”
“Buyer’s Premium” the sum calculated on the Hammer Price at the rates stated in Catalogue.
“Catalogue” the Catalogue relating to the relevant Sale, including any representation on our Website
“Condition Report” the report on the physical condition of a Lot provided to a Bidder or potential Bidder by us on behalf of the Seller.
“Estimate” a statement of our opinion of the range within the hammer is likely to fall.
“Hammer Price” the level of bidding reached (at or above any Reserve) when the Auctioneer brings down the hammer;
“High Cumulative Value of Lot” several Lots with a total lower Estimate value of £30,000 or above;
“High Value Lot” a Lot with a lower Estimate of £30,000 or above;
“Lot” each Item offered for sale by Lyon & Turnbull;
“Purchase Price” is the aggregate of Hammer Price and any applicable Buyer’s Premium, VAT on the Hammer Price (where applicable), VAT on the Buyer’s Premium and any other applicable expenses;
“Reserve” the lowest price below which an item cannot be sold whether at auction or by private treaty;
“Sale” the auction sale at which a Lot is to be offered for sale by us.
“Seller” the person who offers the Lot for Sale. We act as agent for the Seller.
“Total Amount Due” the Hammer Price in respect of the Lot sold together with any premium, Value Added Tax or other taxes chargeable and any additional charges payable by a defaulting Buyer under these Conditions;
“VAT” value added tax at the prevailing rate at the date of the sale in the United Kingdom.
“Website” Lyon & Turnbull’s Website at


The following have specific legal meaning which You may not be familiar with. The following glossary is intended to give You an understanding of those expressions but is not intended to restrict their legal meanings:

“Artist’s Resale Right” the right of the creator of a work of art to receive a payment on Sales of that work subsequent to
“Knocked Down” when a Lot is sold to a Bidder, indicated by the fall of the hammer at the Sale.
“Lien” a right for the person who has possession of the Lot to retain possession of it.
“Risk” the possibility that a Lot may be lost, damaged, destroyed, stolen, or deteriorate in condition or value.
“Title” the legal and equitable right to the ownership of a Lot.

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