The First Masterpieces of Greek Marble Sculpture

The First Masterpieces of Greek Marble Sculpture

Ancient Cycladic Art

In May 2021, we were delighted to present a wonderful example of Cycladic Art dating to c. 2600-2400 B.C. - a Cycladic Idol Head - in our auction of African & Oceanic Art and Antiquities

The Cyclades, an archipelago in the southwestern Aegean, comprises thirty-nine small islands and many more islets. In ancient Greek they were referred to as the kyklades, envisioned as a circle (kuklos) around the sacred island of Delos, home to the most sacred temple of Apollo.
CYCLADIC IDOL HEAD | CYCLADES, EARLY CYCLADIC II, C. 2600-2400 B.C. | 11.5cm tall | Sold for £27,500 incl premium


View Lot 26 


In the fourth millennium B.C. a distinctive culture emerged in the islands which ran for over two thousand years. Existing largely tangentially with the great civilisations of the Minoans and Mycenaeans, Cycladic people are counted among the three major Aegean cultures.

It was the Cycladic people who produced the very first masterpieces of Greek marble sculpture. “Idols” such as the present example were spread throughout the archipelago, with the tradition of carving such figures lasting for well over one thousand years. Their exact use is unclear, some resemble fertility figures encountered across the Near East. Others have been interpreted as images of the deceased or servants for the afterlife. It is clear however that they were used in both funerary contexts and day-to-day ritual life, as some have been found with ancient repairs.

Though they are today notable for their minimalist appearance, scientific analysis has shown that the surface of the marble would originally have been painted with mineral-based pigments, azurite for blue and iron ores or cinnabar for red. Many of the figures show a remarkable similarity in their proportions, suggesting that the production of these idols was regulated using a type of early compass.

The sense of abstraction offered by ancient Cycladic art stimulated many of the great twentieth century artists, including Brancusi, Modigliani, and Picasso. The present piece, to be offered in our 05 May 2021 auction of African & Oceanic Art and Antiquities, is a wonderful example of the type, though carved over four thousand years ago its geometric appeal remains distinctly modern.



Auction Information



05 May 2021 | Live Online

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